In the following brief post, retired pharmacist and women’s health expert Marla Ahlgrimm offers information on the most common infertility treatment medications.
Clomiphene citrate: According to Marla Ahlgrimm, clomiphene citrate, which is sold under the brand names Clomid and Serophene, are typically prescribed with a starting dosage of 50 mg each day. Over the course of three to six menstrual cycles, this medication is expected to increase the amount of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) in a woman’s pituitary gland. Potential side effects include increased risk of multiple births and miscarriage. Hot flashes, headaches, and mood swings are also common.
Synthetic human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG): Sold under multiple brand names, hCG is given as an intramuscular injection and is used to trigger ovulation. Marla Ahlgrimm reports it is often a second step when prior medications to induce ovulation have failed. There are currently no known side effects of taking this medication by itself.